There may have been some confusion over my last entry on the blog on the subject of Death Row. This is my fault for not being more specific, sorry.
The 24 names given were for those on D2 Death Row who had been excluded, although eligible, from the Kings Birthday amnesty on December 5th 2007. It is by order of the incumbent that :
“drug cases, whether the sentence is death, life or numbered must be excluded from the first amnesty which by virtue of having exhausted all appeals in the courts they would have otherwise received”
Having exhausted 3 courts, the only possible means for someone who is on a Death sentence to get a commutation to life, is by an appeal to the King. However, only in exceptionally rare cases will the Monarch rule on this before he receives notification that the victim is scheduled for imminent execution. The appeal process frequently takes many years and the victim is only ever informed of the Kings decision to decline a reduction in sentence about 2-3 hours before the actual execution. Of course the Thailand Department of Corrections will have been aware of this decision for the prior two or three weeks. The source of this information is none other than Chuvaret Juraboon, in the Thai language version of his book “The Last Executioner”.
This clearly invalidates the Prime Minister’s statement that the execution of Bundit and Jirawat was without Government or Palace sanction.
An incredible amount of International disapproval was justifiably levelled at Thailand following the last executions, so much so that the subsequent executions of Manop Janthima and Ayo Ayi (numbers 4 and 10 on the previous blog) had to be cancelled.
At the time of writing this blog entry (18/10/09) the following figures for D2 (note the Hilton has two Death Rows, D2 and D5) are applicable:
Total number on D2 Death Row – 308
Of these 32 are non-Thai and 276 are Thai
The 32 non Thai are from
Laos – 4
Kampuchea (Cambodia) – 2
Myanmar (Burma) -13
Malaysia – 3
China – 3
Taiwan – 7
Of the 308 victims
Drugs – 154
Murder – 130
Armed Robbery – 23
Sexual Offences – 1
The following applies solely for those with drug convictions:
Number of individuals whose cases are finished and all appeals exhausted and so requiring a Kings Pardon for a stay of execution – 47
Those awaiting the verdict of their appeal to the Utun court – 34
Those awaiting ratification of the Thai Supreme Court (Dika) of their death sentence – 73
The above victims must be eligible for 2 Amnesties before being allowed a sentence reduction to Life. The next Amnesty, which may not even apply to Drug convictions as has happened in the past, will possibly be announced in either May 2010 or even December 2010.
The following numbers are for non-drug cases. As such Amnesties always apply to them and without restriction (all are Death Row statistics):
Case finished, all appeals exhausted – 15
Awaiting ratification of Dika court – 59
Awaiting ratification of Utun court – 56
Case finished, all appeals exhausted – 2
Awaiting ratification of Dika court – 9
Awaiting ratification of Utun court – 12
Case finished, all appeals exhausted – 0
Awaiting ratification of Dika court – 0
Awaiting ratification of Utun court – 1
Be Well and Be Happy and spare a thought for those listed